Ontario Nature has issued a report, “Navigating the Swamp: Lessons on Wetland Offsetting for Ontario” by David Poulton and Anne Bell (July 2017, 78 pp.) From the Executive Summary:
The Government of Ontario is proposing to develop a wetland offsetting policy to enable compensation for the negative impacts of development through the restoration or creation of new wetlands. … If done effectively, wetland offsetting could be a positive force for conservation, helping to reverse the ongoing trend of wetland loss in the province. If done poorly, however, it will do more harm than good.
Navigating the Swamp: Lessons on Wetland Offsetting for Ontario explores both the promise and the pitfalls of wetland offsetting, with the aim of informing policy development in Ontario. The report surveys relevant laws and policies in the United States and Canada, as well as those in Alberta, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Newfoundland and Labrador. It also reviews policy outcomes and lessons learned, particularly from those jurisdictions where wetland offsetting policy has been in place and implemented for many years.
The report makes 22 recommendations.